English Grammar Simple Capitalisation Guide


Capitalisation

Capital letters are used for two main purposes in English:
  • to show the beginning of a sentence
  • to show that a noun is a proper noun.
  1. The first letter of every new sentence is capitalised.
    For example:-
    The postman delivered the parcel. It was very heavy.
  2. The pronoun I is always capitalized.
    For example:-
    My name is Lynne, I am a teacher.
  3. Proper nouns ( also called proper names) are the words which name specific people, organisations or places. They always start with a capital letter.
For example:-
Each part of a person's name is a proper noun:-
Lynne Hand - Elizabeth Helen Ruth Jones ...
The names of companies, organisations, newspapers or trade marks:-
Microsoft - Rolls Royce - the Round Table - the Times - WWW
Given or pet names of animals:-
Lassie - Champion - Trigger - Skippy - Sam
The names of cities and countries and words derived from those proper nouns such as languages:-
Paris - London - New York - England - English - French
Geographical and Celestial Names:-
the Red Sea - Alpha Centauri - Mars - the River Thames
Particular places such as streets, monuments, buildings, meeting rooms:-
Manvers Road (the road), the Taj Mahal - the Eiffel Tower (the tower) - Room 222 (the room)
Historical events, documents, acts, and specific periods of time:-
the Civil War - the Declaration of Independence - the Freedom of Information Act - World War I -
Months, days of the week, holidays and special days:-
December - Monday - Christmas - Valentine's Day (note seasons are not capitalised spring - summer - autumn - winter)
Religions, deities, scriptures:-
Christ - God - Jehovah - Mohammed - Christianity - Islam - Judaism - the Bible - the Koran - the Torah
Awards, vehicles, vehicle models and names, brand names:-
the Nobel Peace Prize - the Scout Movement - Ford Focus - the Bismarck - Kleenex - Hoover

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